Corruption

Corruption is an endemic problem in many countries. It has proven to be a major challenge in postconflict environments. A great deal of international attention has been focused on combating corruption around the world and a number international treaties have been drafted, including the United Nations Convention against Corruption, the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption, and the Council of Europe Criminal Law Convention on Corruption, among others. These treaties set out requirements for countries on what measures need to be adopted to prevent and address corruption. The conventions provide a good overview of best practice approaches in addressing corruption and draw heavily on existing domestic approaches that may be familiar to many practitioners. They include (1) the criminalization of corruption and corruption-related offenses (e.g., money laundering); (2) the creation of anticorruption bodies, policies, and practices; (3) the creation of codes of conduct for public officials; (4) the creation of transparent public procurement systems; (5) measures to strengthen judicial and prosecutorial integrity; and (6) anticorruption training for public officials. Also important is the inclusion of new provisions of law that allow for the effective investigation of corruption (e.g., witness protection measures, covert surveillance provisions, provisions to ensure the liability of legal persons) and measures to ensure that police and others are specifically trained in corruption investigation.

Below are links to resources that set out the relevant international standards and best practices in addressing corruption. Measures to ensure the effective investigation of corruption are dealt with under Investigative Tools.

Corruption may be linked to other crimes. See Organized Crime , Money Laundering , and the other crimes covered in Addressing Serious and Transnational Organized Crime. See also Judicial Independence, Impartiality, and Integrity; Judicial Appointment, Discipline, and Vetting ; Prosecutorial Independence, Impartiality, and Integrity ; and Prosecutorial Appointment, Discipline, and Vetting .

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