INPROL Management


Belquis Ahmadi

Senior Program Officer

Belquis Ahmadi has over 20 years of experience working in Afghanistan on issues related to gender, human rights, civil society development, rule of law, governance and democracy. Ms. Ahmadi’s extensive experience includes senior management positions under large USAID programs in Afghanistan, evaluation of USAID gender and democracy and governance programming, and analysis and design of gender and human rights programming, and training and mentoring Afghan civil society and government candidates. She has also published extensively on democracy, governance and women’s rights in Afghanistan.

From November 2010 to March 2014, Ms. Ahmadi worked on the USAID-funded Regional Afghan Municipalities Program for Urban Populations Regional Command East (RAMP UP), implemented in 14 provinces. In this role, Ms. Ahmadi managed the technical work of the program to ensure high quality results and deliverables. In addition, she developed core skills training modules to integrate and mainstream gender in all aspects of governance, service delivery, and leadership to over 200 municipal officials in fourteen provinces.

From 2006 to 2009, Ms. Ahmadi served as senior human rights advisor in Afghanistan. In this role, she provided leadership and management oversight of resources, including budget, planning, and program monitoring; designed and implemented activities promoting women’s rights through the use of religious arguments, providing analysis of the Shiite Personal Status Law, as well as providing advice and guidance in drafting of the Law on Elimination of Violence Against Women; and oversaw the preparation of training materials for programs.

From 2000 to 2004, she served as program coordinator for Global Rights Partners for Justice in Washington D.C., managing their Afghanistan program. From 1987 to 1999, Ms. Ahmadi worked for the International Committee of the Red Cross, CARE International, and the Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief (ACBAR) in Afghanistan. Ms. Ahmadi earned her LLM in International Human Rights Law from Georgetown University Law Center and her LLB of Law from Kabul University.



Chelsea Dreher

Program Specialist & INPROL Coordinator

Chelsea Dreher is INPROL's Program Specialist, based at the United States Institute of Peace (USIP). Before coming to USIP, Chelsea interned for Senators Dick Durbin and Amy Klobuchar of the United States Senate, and for Teachta Dála Ciarán Lynch of the Oireachtas Éireann. She has lived and studied in Ireland, Jordan, Morocco, South Africa, and Qatar, and she worked as a research assistant for former Assistant Secretary of State P.J. Crowley before serving as a Research Assistant for USIP's Academy for International Conflict Management and Peacebuilding from July of 2015 to January of 2016.

Chelsea earned her M.A. in International Affairs from the George Washington University's Elliott School of International Affairs, and her B.A. in Political Science and Global Studies from the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities.



Philippe Leroux-Martin

Director, Rule of Law, Justice and Security

Philippe Leroux-Martin is the director rule of law, justice and security at the U.S. Institute of Peace.

Before joining USIP, Philippe was a fellow with the Future of Diplomacy Project at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the Harvard Kennedy School. Prior to his fellowship, he headed the legal department of the International Civilian Office in Kosovo, the organization responsible to support and supervise Kosovo’s accession to independence. He also headed the public law unit of the Office of the High Representative in Sarajevo and acted as chief legal advisor to former Belgian Prime Minister Wilfried Martens during his tenure as chair of the Police Restructuring Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Philippe is a member of the Québec Bar. He holds a law degree from the Université de Montréal, a master’s degree in public law from the London School of Economics and Political Science and a master’s degree in public administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

He is the author of Diplomatic Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Bosnia and Herzegovina (Cambridge University press, 2014). He has been a contributor on BBC World News, BBC Radio, CBC Radio, Al Jazeera, Radio-Canada and the New York Times.



Vivienne O'Connor

INPROL Forum Facilitator

Vivienne O'Connor is a rule of law consultant, trainer and academic with seventeen years’ experience in the field.

From 2001 until 2007, Vivienne worked as a Rule of Law Project Officer at the Irish Centre for Human Rights. In 2007, she joined the US Institute of Peace (USIP) as a Senior Rule of Law Advisor, where she worked until 2016. Vivienne has been engaged in rule of law projects in numerous countries including Afghanistan, Burma, Haiti, Liberia, Nepal and Syria. She has been an Adjunct Professor at William & Mary Law School and the University of Melbourne Law School and has trained hundreds of rule of law practitioners through the Rule of Law Practitioner’s Course designed and delivered for USIP, the UK Department for International Development and the Australian government. She also developed a “train the trainers” course for rule of law activists in conflict-affected countries and piloted this initiative in 2013-2014.

Vivienne holds a Bachelor of Civil Law (BCL), a Masters Degree in International Human Rights Law (LLM) and a PhD in Law from the National University of Ireland, Galway, in her native Ireland. Vivienne is the author of several books and articles, including the Model Codes for Postconflict Criminal Justice (Volume I and Volume II).



Scott Worden

Director, Afghanistan and Central Asia Programs

Scott Worden is director of Afghanistan and Central Asia Programs at the U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP). He comes into this role with an extensive background in reconstruction, development, democracy and governance, policy, among others; as well as extensive regional expertise on Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Prior to joining USIP, he was director of the Lessons Learned Program at the office of the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR), and served as acting director of policy as well as a senior policy advisor for the Office of Afghanistan and Pakistan Affairs at the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). In the latter position, he was responsible for advising senior officials on strategies for sustainable development in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

At his time at USIP, Mr. Worden directed Rule of Law development programs for the USIP and served as a United Nations-appointed Electoral Complaints Commissioner for the 2009 Afghanistan elections, as well as advising the U.N. on elections in 2005-06. Mr. Worden has a decade of experience working on Afghanistan issues and working in the field. Originally from Boston, Mr. Worden earned his bachelor’s degree from Colgate University and a J.D. from Harvard Law School.